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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge



Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction To Flying
Chapter 2, Aircraft Structure
Chapter 3, Principles of Flight
Chapter 4, Aerodynamics of Flight
Chapter 5, Flight Controls
Chapter 6, Aircraft Systems
Chapter 7, Flight Instruments
Chapter 8, Flight Manuals and Other Documents
Chapter 9, Weight and Balance
Chapter 10, Aircraft Performance
Chapter 11, Weather Theory
Chapter 12, Aviation Weather Services
Chapter 13, Airport Operation
Chapter 14, Airspace
Chapter 15, Navigation
Chapter 16, Aeromedical Factors
Chapter 17, Aeronautical Decision Making




Aeronautical chart. A map used in air navigation containing
all or part of the following: topographic features, hazards and
obstructions, navigation aids, navigation routes, designated
airspace, and airports.

Aeronautical decision-making (ADM). A systematic
approach to the mental process used by pilots to consistently
determine the best course of action in response to a given
set of circumstances.

A/FD. See Airport/Facility Directory.
Agonic line. An irregular imaginary line across the surface of
the Earth along which the magnetic and geographic poles are in
alignment, and along which there is no magnetic variation.
Ailerons. Primary flight control surfaces mounted on the
trailing edge of an airplane wing, near the tip. Ailerons control
roll about the longitudinal axis.

Aircraft. A device that is used, or intended to be used, for

Aircraft altitude. The actual height above sea level at which
the aircraft is flying.

Aircraft approach category. A performance grouping of
aircraft based on a speed of 1.3 times the stall speed in the
landing configuration at maximum gross landing weight.
Air data computer (ADC). An aircraft computer that
receives and processes pitot pressure, static pressure, and
temperature to calculate very precise altitude, indicated
airspeed, true airspeed, and air temperature.

Airfoil. Any surface, such as a wing, propeller, rudder, or
even a trim tab, which provides aerodynamic force when it
interacts with a moving stream of air.

Air mass. An extensive body of air having fairly uniform
properties of temperature and moisture.

AIRMET. Inflight weather advisory issued as an amendment
to the area forecast, concerning weather phenomena of
operational interest to all aircraft and that is potentially
hazardous to aircraft with limited capability due to lack of
equipment, instrumentation, or pilot qualifications.

Airplane. An engine-driven, fixed-wing aircraft heavier than
air that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of air
against its wings.

Airplane Flight Manual (AFM). A document developed
by the airplane manufacturer and approved by the Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA). It is specific to a particular
make and model airplane by serial number and it contains
operating procedures and limitations.

Airplane Owner/Information Manual. A document
developed by the airplane manufacturer containing general
information about the make and model of an airplane. The
airplane owner's manual is not FAA approved and is not
specific to a particular serial numbered airplane. This manual
is not kept current, and therefore cannot be substituted for
the AFM/POH.

Airport diagram. The section of an instrument approach
procedure chart that shows a detailed diagram of the
airport. This diagram includes surface features and airport
configuration information.

Airport/Facility Directory (A/FD). An FAA publication
containing information on all airports, communications,
and NAVAIDs.

Airport surface detection equipment (ASDE). Radar
equipment specifically designed to detect all principal
features and traffic on the surface of an airport, presenting the
entire image on the control tower console; used to augment
visual observation by tower personnel of aircraft and/or
vehicular movements on runways and taxiways.
Airport surveillance radar (ASR). Approach control
radar used to detect and display an aircraft's position in the
terminal area.

Airport surveillance radar approach. An instrument
approach in which ATC issues instructions for pilot
compliance based on aircraft position in relation to the final
approach course and the distance from the end of the runway
as displayed on the controller's radar scope.

Air route surveillance radar (ARSR). Air route traffic
control center (ARTCC) radar used primarily to detect
and display an aircraft's position while en route between
terminal areas.

Air route traffic control center (ARTCC). Provides ATC
service to aircraft operating on IFR flight plans within
controlled airspace and principally during the en route phase
of flight

Airspeed. Rate of the aircraft's progress through the air.