## Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge Aerodynamics of Flight Aircraft Design Characteristics

Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge

Preface

Acknowledgements

Appendix

Glossary

Index

 Static Stability Static stability refers to the initial tendency, or direction of movement, back to equilibrium. In aviation, it refers to the aircraft's initial response when disturbed from a given AOA, slip, or bank. • Positive static stability—the initial tendency of the aircraft to return to the original state of equilibrium after being disturbed [Figure 4-18] • Neutral static stability—the initial tendency of the aircraft to remain in a new condition after its equilibrium has been disturbed [Figure 4-18] • Negative static stability—the initial tendency of the aircraft to continue away from the original state of equilibrium after being disturbed [Figure 4-18] Dynamic Stability Static stability has been defined as the initial tendency to return to equilibrium that the aircraft displays after being disturbed from its trimmed condition. Occasionally, the initial tendency is different or opposite from the overall tendency, so a distinction must be made between the two. Dynamic stability refers to the aircraft response over time when disturbed from a given AOA, slip, or bank. This type of stability also has three subtypes: [Figure 4-19] • Positive dynamic stability—over time, the motion of the displaced object decreases in amplitude and, because it is positive, the object displaced returns toward the equilibrium state. • Neutral dynamic stability—once displaced, the displaced object neither decreases nor increases in amplitude. A worn automobile shock absorber exhibits this tendency. • Negative dynamic stability—over time, the motion of the displaced object increases and becomes more divergent. Stability in an aircraft affects two areas significantly: • Maneuverability—the quality of an aircraft that permits it to be maneuvered easily and to withstand the stresses imposed by maneuvers. It is governed by the aircraft's weight, inertia, size and location of flight controls, structural strength, and powerplant. It too is an aircraft design characteristic. • Controllability—the capability of an aircraft to respond to the pilot's control, especially with regard to flightpath and attitude. It is the quality of the aircraft's response to the pilot's control application when maneuvering the aircraft, regardless of its stability characteristics.
 Figure 4-18. Types of static stability.

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