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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
Aeronautical Decision-Making
The Decision-Making Process

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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge



Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction To Flying
Chapter 2, Aircraft Structure
Chapter 3, Principles of Flight
Chapter 4, Aerodynamics of Flight
Chapter 5, Flight Controls
Chapter 6, Aircraft Systems
Chapter 7, Flight Instruments
Chapter 8, Flight Manuals and Other Documents
Chapter 9, Weight and Balance
Chapter 10, Aircraft Performance
Chapter 11, Weather Theory
Chapter 12, Aviation Weather Services
Chapter 13, Airport Operation
Chapter 14, Airspace
Chapter 15, Navigation
Chapter 16, Aeromedical Factors
Chapter 17, Aeronautical Decision Making

Forming Good Safety Habits
While the 3P model is similar to other methods, there are
two good reasons to use the 3P model. First, the 3P model
gives pilots a structured, efficient, and systematic way to
identify hazards, assess risk, and implement effective risk
controls. Second, practicing risk management needs to be as
automatic in GA flying as basic aircraft control. As is true
for other flying skills, risk management thinking habits are
best developed through repetition and consistent adherence
to specific procedures.

The OODA Loop
Colonel John Boyd, United States Air Forces (Retired),
coined the term and developed the concept of the "OODA
Loop" (Observation, Orientation, Decision, Action). The
ideas, words, and phrases contained in Boyd's briefings have
penetrated not only the United States military services, but the
business community and worldwide academia. The OODA

Loop is now used as a standard description of decision making

The Loop is an interlaced decision model which provides
immediate feedback throughout the decision-making process.
For SRM purposes, an abbreviated version of the concept
[Figure 17-10] provides an easily understood tool for the

The first node of the Loop, Observe, reflects the need for
situational awareness. A pilot must be aware of those things
around him or her that may impact the flight. Continuous
monitoring of aircraft controls, weather, etc., provides a
constant reference point by which the pilot knows his or
her starting point on the loop which permits the ability to
immediately move to the next step.

Additional real-world examples of how the 3P model guides decisions on a cross-country trip.
Figure 17-9. Additional real-world examples of how the 3P model guides decisions on a cross-country trip.