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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge

Radio Navigation

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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge



Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction To Flying
Chapter 2, Aircraft Structure
Chapter 3, Principles of Flight
Chapter 4, Aerodynamics of Flight
Chapter 5, Flight Controls
Chapter 6, Aircraft Systems
Chapter 7, Flight Instruments
Chapter 8, Flight Manuals and Other Documents
Chapter 9, Weight and Balance
Chapter 10, Aircraft Performance
Chapter 11, Weather Theory
Chapter 12, Aviation Weather Services
Chapter 13, Airport Operation
Chapter 14, Airspace
Chapter 15, Navigation
Chapter 16, Aeromedical Factors
Chapter 17, Aeronautical Decision Making




Figure 15-27 shows the flight plan form a pilot files with the
AFSS. When filing a flight plan by telephone or radio, give
the information in the order of the numbered spaces. This
enables the AFSS specialist to copy the information more
efficiently. Most of the fields are either self-explanatory or
non-applicable to the VFR flight plan (such as item 13).
However, some fields may need explanation.

• Item 3 is the aircraft type and special equipment. An
example would be C-150/X, which means the aircraft
has no transponder. A listing of special equipment
codes is found in the Aeronautical Information Manual

• Item 6 is the proposed departure time in UTC
(indicated by the "Z").

• Item 7 is the cruising altitude. Normally, "VFR" can be
entered in this block, since the pilot chooses a cruising
altitude to conform to FAA regulations.

• Item 8 is the route of flight If the flight is to be direct,
enter the word "direct;" if not, enter the actual route
to be followed such as via certain towns or navigation

• Item 10 is the estimated time en route. In the sample
flight plan, 5 minutes was added to the total time to
allow for the climb.

• Item 12 is the fuel on board in hours and minutes. This
is determined by dividing the total usable fuel aboard
in gallons by the estimated rate of fuel consumption
in gallons.

Remember, there is every advantage in filing a flight plan;
but do not forget to close the flight plan on arrival. Do this
by telephone to avoid radio congestion.

Radio Navigation

Advances in navigational radio receivers installed in aircraft,
the development of aeronautical charts which show the exact
location of ground transmitting stations and their frequencies,
along with refined flight deck instrumentation make it
possible for pilots to navigate with precision to almost any
point desired. Although precision in navigation is obtainable
through the proper use of this equipment, beginning pilots
should use this equipment to supplement navigation by visual
reference to the ground (pilotage). This method provides the
pilot with an effective safeguard against disorientation in the
event of radio malfunction.

Flight plan form.
Figure 15-27. Flight plan form.