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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge

Flight Planning

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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge



Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction To Flying
Chapter 2, Aircraft Structure
Chapter 3, Principles of Flight
Chapter 4, Aerodynamics of Flight
Chapter 5, Flight Controls
Chapter 6, Aircraft Systems
Chapter 7, Flight Instruments
Chapter 8, Flight Manuals and Other Documents
Chapter 9, Weight and Balance
Chapter 10, Aircraft Performance
Chapter 11, Weather Theory
Chapter 12, Aviation Weather Services
Chapter 13, Airport Operation
Chapter 14, Airspace
Chapter 15, Navigation
Chapter 16, Aeromedical Factors
Chapter 17, Aeronautical Decision Making




Additional equipment should include a flight computer or
electronic calculator, plotter, and any other item appropriate
to the particular flight For example, if a night flight is to
be undertaken, carry a flashlight; if a flight is over desert
country, carry a supply of water and other necessities.

Weather Check
It is wise to check the weather before continuing with other
aspects of flight planning to see, first of all, if the flight is
feasible and, if it is, which route is best. Chapter 12, Aviation
Weather Services, discusses obtaining a weather briefing

Use of Airport/Facility Directory (A/FD)
Study available information about each airport at which a
landing is intended. This should include a study of the Notices
to Airmen (NOTAMs) and the A/FD. [Figure 15-24] This
includes location, elevation, runway and lighting facilities,
available services, availability of aeronautical advisory
station frequency (UNICOM), types of fuel available (use
to decide on refueling stops), AFSS/FSS located on the
airport, control tower and ground control frequencies, traffic
information, remarks, and other pertinent information. The
NOTAMs, issued every 28 days, should be checked for
additional information on hazardous conditions or changes
that have been made since issuance of the A/FD.

The sectional chart bulletin subsection should be checked for
major changes that have occurred since the last publication
date of each sectional chart being used. Remember, the
chart may be up to 6 months old. The effective date of the
chart appears at the top of the front of the chart. The A/FD
generally has the latest information pertaining to such matters
and should be used in preference to the information on the
back of the chart, if there are differences.

Airport/Facility Directory.
Figure 15-24. Airport/Facility Directory.

Airplane Flight Manual or Pilot's Operating
Handbook (AFM/POH)

The Aircraft Flight Manual or Pilot's Operating Handbook
(AFM/POH) should be checked to determine the proper
loading of the aircraft (weight and balance data). The weight
of the usable fuel and drainable oil aboard must be known.
Also, check the weight of the passengers, the weight of all
baggage to be carried, and the empty weight of the aircraft to
be sure that the total weight does not exceed the maximum
allowable. The distribution of the load must be known to tell
if the resulting center of gravity (CG) is within limits. Be
sure to use the latest weight and balance information in the
FAA-approved AFM or other permanent aircraft records, as
appropriate, to obtain empty weight and empty weight CG

Determine the takeoff and landing distances from the
appropriate charts, based on the calculated load, elevation
of the airport, and temperature; then compare these distances
with the amount of runway available. Remember, the
heavier the load and the higher the elevation, temperature,
or humidity, the longer the takeoff roll and landing roll and
the lower the rate of climb.

Check the fuel consumption charts to determine the rate of
fuel consumption at the estimated flight altitude and power
settings. Calculate the rate of fuel consumption, and then
compare it with the estimated time for the flight so that
refueling points along the route can be included in the plan.