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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
Introduction To Flying
History of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge



Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction To Flying
Chapter 2, Aircraft Structure
Chapter 3, Principles of Flight
Chapter 4, Aerodynamics of Flight
Chapter 5, Flight Controls
Chapter 6, Aircraft Systems
Chapter 7, Flight Instruments
Chapter 8, Flight Manuals and Other Documents
Chapter 9, Weight and Balance
Chapter 10, Aircraft Performance
Chapter 11, Weather Theory
Chapter 12, Aviation Weather Services
Chapter 13, Airport Operation
Chapter 14, Airspace
Chapter 15, Navigation
Chapter 16, Aeromedical Factors
Chapter 17, Aeronautical Decision Making




CAA the responsibility of administering the Federal Aid
Airport Program. This program was designed to promote the
establishment of civil airports throughout the country.

The Federal Aviation Act of 1958
By mid-century, air traffic had increased and jet aircraft had
been introduced into the civil aviation arena. A series of
mid-air collisions underlined the need for more regulation
of the aviation industry. Aircraft were not only increasing in
numbers, but were now streaking across the skies at much
higher speeds. The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 established
a new independent body that assumed the roles of the CAA
and transferred the rule making authority of the CAB to the
newly created Federal Aviation Agency (FAA). In addition,
the FAA was given complete control of the common civil military
system of air navigation and ATC. The man who
was given the honor of being the first administrator of the
FAA was former Air Force General Elwood Richard "Pete"
Quesada. He served as the administrator from 1959–1961.
[Figure 1-10]

First Administrator of the FAA was General Elwood
Figure 1-10. First Administrator of the FAA was General Elwood
Richard "Pete" Quesada, 1959–1961.

Department of Transportation (DOT)
On October 15, 1966, Congress established the Department
of Transportation (DOT), which was given oversight of the
transportation industry within the United States. The result
was a combination of both air and surface transportation. Its
mission was and is to serve the United States by ensuring a
fast, safe, efficient, accessible, and convenient transportation
system meeting vital national interests and enhancing the

quality of life of the American people, then, now, and into
the future. At this same time, the Federal Aviation Agency
was renamed to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
The DOT began operation on April 1, 1967.

The role of the CAB was assumed by the newly created
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), which was
charged with the investigation of all transportation accidents
within the United States.

As aviation continued to grow, the FAA took on additional
duties and responsibilities. With the highjacking epidemic
of the 1960s, the FAA was responsible for increasing the
security duties of aviation both on the ground and in the air.
After September 11, 2001, the duties were transferred to
a newly created body called the Department of Homeland
Security (DHS).

With numerous aircraft flying in and out of larger cities, the
FAA began to concentrate on the environmental aspect of
aviation by establishing and regulating the noise standards
of aircraft. Additionally in the 1960s and 1970s, the FAA
began to regulate high altitude (over 500 feet) kite and balloon
flying 1970 brought more duties to the FAA by adding
the management of a new federal airport aid program and
increased responsibility for airport safety.

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Automation
By the mid-1970s, the FAA had achieved a semi-automated
ATC system based on a marriage of radar and computer
technology. By automating certain routine tasks, the system
allowed controllers to concentrate more efficiently on the
vital task of providing aircraft separation. Data appearing
directly on the controllers' scopes provided the identity,
altitude, and groundspeed of aircraft carrying radar beacons.
Despite its effectiveness, this system required enhancement
to keep pace with the increased air traffic of the late 1970s.
The increase was due in part to the competitive environment
created by the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978. This law
phased out CAB's economic regulation of the airlines, and
CAB ceased to exist at the end of 1984.

To meet the challenge of traffic growth, the FAA unveiled
the National Airspace System (NAS) Plan in January
1982. The new plan called for more advanced systems
for en route and terminal ATC, modernized flight service
stations, and improvements in ground-to-air surveillance
and communication.