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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
Table of Contents

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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge

Preface

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction To Flying
Chapter 2, Aircraft Structure
Chapter 3, Principles of Flight
Chapter 4, Aerodynamics of Flight
Chapter 5, Flight Controls
Chapter 6, Aircraft Systems
Chapter 7, Flight Instruments
Chapter 8, Flight Manuals and Other Documents
Chapter 9, Weight and Balance
Chapter 10, Aircraft Performance
Chapter 11, Weather Theory
Chapter 12, Aviation Weather Services
Chapter 13, Airport Operation
Chapter 14, Airspace
Chapter 15, Navigation
Chapter 16, Aeromedical Factors
Chapter 17, Aeronautical Decision Making

Appendix

Glossary

Index

Inoperative Equipment ..................................................8-9
Preventive Maintenance ...............................................8-11
Maintenance Entries .............................................8-11
Examples of Preventive Maintenance ..................8-11
Repairs and Alterations ............................................8-12
Special Flight Permits ..............................................8-12
Airworthiness Directives (ADs) ..................................8-12
Aircraft Owner/Operator Responsibilities ...................8-13
Chapter Summary ........................................................8-14
Chapter 9
Weight and Balance ............................................9-1
Introduction ....................................................................9-1
Weight Control ...............................................................9-1
Effects of Weight .......................................................9-1
Weight Changes .........................................................9-2
Balance, Stability, and Center of Gravity ......................9-2
Effects of Adverse Balance ........................................9-3
Stability ...................................................................9-3
Control ....................................................................9-3
Management of Weight and Balance Control ............9-4
Terms and Definitions ................................................9-4
Principles of Weight and Balance Computations .......9-6
Weight and Balance Restrictions ...............................9-7
Determining Loaded Weight and CG ............................9-7
Computational Method ...............................................9-7
Graph Method ............................................................9-7
Table Method .............................................................9-9
Computations With a Negative Arm ........................9-10
Computations With Zero Fuel Weight .....................9-10
Shifting, Adding, and Removing Weight .................9-10
Weight Shifting .....................................................9-10
Weight Addition or Removal ................................9-11
Chapter Summary ........................................................9-11

Chapter 10
Aircraft Performance
.........................................10-1
Introduction ..................................................................10-1
Importance of Performance Data .................................10-1
Structure of the Atmosphere ........................................10-2
Atmospheric Pressure ..................................................10-2
Pressure Altitude ..........................................................10-3
Density Altitude ...........................................................10-3
Effects of Pressure on Density .................................10-4
Effects of Temperature on Density ..........................10-5
Effects of Humidity (Moisture) on Density .............10-5
Performance .................................................................10-5
Straight-and-Level Flight .........................................10-5
Climb Performance ..................................................10-6
Range Performance ..................................................10-8
Region of Reversed Command ..............................10-10

Takeoff and Landing Performance .........................10-11
Runway Surface and Gradient ................................10-11
Water on the Runway and Dynamic Hydroplaning 10-13
Takeoff Performance ..............................................10-13
Landing Performance .............................................10-15
Performance Speeds ...................................................10-17
Performance Charts ....................................................10-17
Interpolation ...........................................................10-18
Density Altitude Charts ..........................................10-18
Takeoff Charts ........................................................10-19
Climb and Cruise Charts ........................................10-20
Crosswind and Headwind Component Chart .........10-24
Landing Charts .......................................................10-25
Stall Speed Performance Charts .............................10-26
Transport Category Airplane Performance ................10-26
Major Differences in Transport Category Versus Non-
Transport Category Performance Requirements ....10-27
Performance Requirements ....................................10-27
Takeoff ................................................................10-27
Landing ...............................................................10-27
Takeoff Planning ................................................10-27
Runway Requirements ...........................................10-27
Balanced Field Length ........................................10-28
Climb Requirements ..................................................10-30
First Segment ..........................................................10-30
Second Segment .....................................................10-31
Third or Acceleration Segment ..............................10-31
Fourth or Final Segment .........................................10-31
Second Segment Climb Limitations .......................10-31
Air Carrier Obstacle Clearance Requirements ...........10-31
Summary of Takeoff Requirements .......................10-32
Landing Performance .............................................10-32
Planning the Landing ..........................................10-32
Landing Requirements ........................................10-32
Approach Climb Requirements ..........................10-32
Landing Runway Required .................................10-33
Summary of Landing Requirements ......................10-33
Chapter Summary ......................................................10-34

Chapter 11
Weather Theory
.................................................11-1
Introduction ..................................................................11-1
Atmosphere ..................................................................11-2
Composition of the Atmosphere ..............................11-2
Atmospheric Circulation ..........................................11-3
Atmospheric Pressure ...............................................11-3
Coriolis Force ...............................................................11-3
Measurement of Atmosphere Pressure ........................11-4
Altitude and Atmospheric Pressure .............................11-5
Altitude and Flight .......................................................11-6
Altitude and the Human Body .....................................11-6

 

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