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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
Table of Contents

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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge

Preface

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction To Flying
Chapter 2, Aircraft Structure
Chapter 3, Principles of Flight
Chapter 4, Aerodynamics of Flight
Chapter 5, Flight Controls
Chapter 6, Aircraft Systems
Chapter 7, Flight Instruments
Chapter 8, Flight Manuals and Other Documents
Chapter 9, Weight and Balance
Chapter 10, Aircraft Performance
Chapter 11, Weather Theory
Chapter 12, Aviation Weather Services
Chapter 13, Airport Operation
Chapter 14, Airspace
Chapter 15, Navigation
Chapter 16, Aeromedical Factors
Chapter 17, Aeronautical Decision Making

Appendix

Glossary

Index

Chapter 5
Flight Controls
.....................................................5-1
Introduction ....................................................................5-1
Flight Control Systems .................................................5-2
Flight Controls ............................................................5-2
Primary Flight Controls ..............................................5-2
Elevator ...................................................................5-5
T-Tail ......................................................................5-6
Stabilator .................................................................5-6
Canard .....................................................................5-7
Rudder .....................................................................5-7
V-Tail ......................................................................5-8
Secondary Flight Controls ..........................................5-8
Flaps ........................................................................5-8
Leading Edge Devices ............................................5-9
Spoilers .................................................................5-10
Trim Tabs ..............................................................5-10
Balance Tabs .........................................................5-11
Antiservo Tabs ......................................................5-11
Ground Adjustable Tabs .......................................5-11
Adjustable Stabilizer .............................................5-12
Autopilot ......................................................................5-12
Chapter Summary ........................................................5-12

Chapter 6
Aircraft Systems
..................................................6-1
Introduction ....................................................................6-1
Powerplant .....................................................................6-1
Reciprocating Engines ................................................6-2
Propeller .....................................................................6-4
Fixed-Pitch Propeller ..............................................6-5
Adjustable-Pitch Propeller ......................................6-6
Induction Systems ......................................................6-7
Carburetor Systems ....................................................6-7
Mixture Control ......................................................6-8
Carburetor Icing ......................................................6-8
Carburetor Heat ......................................................6-9
Carburetor Air Temperature Gauge ......................6-10
Outside Air Temperature Gauge ..............................6-10
Fuel Injection Systems .............................................6-10
Superchargers and Turbosuperchargers .......................6-11
Superchargers ...........................................................6-12
Turbosuperchargers ..................................................6-12
System Operation ..................................................6-13
High Altitude Performance ...................................6-14
Ignition System ............................................................6-14
Oil Systems ..................................................................6-15
Engine Cooling Systems ..............................................6-16
Exhaust Systems ..........................................................6-17
Starting System ............................................................6-18

Combustion ..................................................................6-18
Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) ........6-19
Turbine Engines ...........................................................6-20
Types of Turbine Engines ........................................6-20
Turbojet .................................................................6-20
Turboprop .............................................................6-20
Turbofan ...............................................................6-20
Turboshaft .............................................................6-20
Turbine Engine Instruments .....................................6-22
Engine Pressure Ratio (EPR) ...............................6-22
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) ........................6-22
Torquemeter ..........................................................6-22
N1 Indicator ...........................................................6-22
N2 Indicator ...........................................................6-22
Turbine Engine Operational Considerations ............6-22
Engine Temperature Limitations ..........................6-22
Thrust Variations ..................................................6-22
Foreign Object Damage (FOD) ............................6-23
Turbine Engine Hot/Hung Start ............................6-23
Compressor Stalls .................................................6-23
Flameout ...............................................................6-23
Performance Comparison .........................................6-24
Airframe Systems ........................................................6-25
Fuel Systems ................................................................6-25
Gravity-Feed System ...............................................6-25
Fuel-Pump System ...................................................6-25
Fuel Primer ...............................................................6-25
Fuel Tanks ................................................................6-25
Fuel Gauges ..............................................................6-26
Fuel Selectors ...........................................................6-26
Fuel Strainers, Sumps, and Drains ...........................6-26
Fuel Grades ..............................................................6-26
Fuel Contamination ..................................................6-27
Refueling Procedures ...................................................6-27
Electrical System .........................................................6-28
Hydraulic Systems .......................................................6-30
Landing Gear ............................................................6-31
Tricycle Landing Gear Airplanes .........................6-31
Tailwheel Landing Gear Airplanes .......................6-31
Fixed and Retractable Landing Gear ....................6-31
Brakes .......................................................................6-32
Pressurized Aircraft .....................................................6-32
Oxygen Systems...........................................................6-34
Oxygen Masks ..........................................................6-35
Cannula .....................................................................6-35
Pressure-Demand Oxygen Systems .........................6-36
Continuous-Flow Oxygen System ...........................6-36
Electrical Pulse-Demand Oxygen System ................6-36
Pulse Oximeters ........................................................6-37
 

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