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Instrument Flying Handbook
Helicopter Attitude Instrument Flying
Changing Technology

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Instrument Flying
Handbook

Preface

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Human Factors
Chapter 2. Aerodynamic Factors
Chapter 3. Flight Instruments
Chapter 4. Section I
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Flying
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 4. Section II
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Flying
Using an Electronic Flight
Display

Chapter 5. Section I
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 5. Section II
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using an Electronic Flight
Display

Chapter 6. Helicopter
Attitude Instrument Flying

Chapter 7. Navigation Systems
Chapter 8. The National
Airspace System

Chapter 9. The Air Traffic
Control System

Chapter 10. IFR Flight
Chapter 11. Emergency
Operations

Flight Instrument Indications During an Instrument Takeoff
Figure 6-16. Flight Instrument Indications During an Instrument Takeoff

Common Errors During Instrument Takeoffs

1. Failure to maintain heading

2. Overcontrolling pedals

3. Failure to use required power

4. Failure to adjust pitch altitude as climbing airspeed is
reached

Changing Technology

Advances in technology have brought about changes in
the instrumentation found in all types of aircraft, including

helicopters. Electronic displays commonly referred to as
"glass cockpits" are becoming more common. Primary flight
displays (PFDs) and multi-function displays (MFDs) are
changing not only what intonation is available to a pilot
but also how that information is displayed.

Illustrations of technological advancements in instrumentation
are described as follows. In Figure 6-17, a typical PFD
depicts an aircraft flying straight-and-level at 3,000
feet and 100 knots. Figure 6-78 illustrates a nose-low
pitch attitude in a right turn. MFDs can he configured to
provide navigation information such as the moving map in
Figure 6-19 or information pertaining to aircraft systems as
in Figure 6-20.

 
6-18