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Instrument Flying Handbook
IFR Flight
Conducting an IFR Flight

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Instrument Flying


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Human Factors
Chapter 2. Aerodynamic Factors
Chapter 3. Flight Instruments
Chapter 4. Section I
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 4. Section II
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 5. Section I
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 5. Section II
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 6. Helicopter
Attitude Instrument Flying

Chapter 7. Navigation Systems
Chapter 8. The National
Airspace System

Chapter 9. The Air Traffic
Control System

Chapter 10. IFR Flight
Chapter 11. Emergency

"Roger, Cessna 30A copies the weather. I have a
PREP when you are ready to copy."

"Cessna 30A go ahead with your PIREP."

"Cessna 30A is a Cessna 182 located on the Kewanee
195° radial at 30 miles level at 4,000 feet I am
currently in IMC conditions with a smooth ride.
Outside air temperature is plus 1° Celsius. Negative

"Cessna 30A thank you for the PIREP."

With the weather check and PIREP complete, return to
Memphis Center:

"Memphis Center, Cessna l230A is back on your

"Cessna 1230A, Memphis Center, roger, contact
Houston Center now on frequency 126.8."

"Roger, contact Houston Center frequency 126.8,
Cessna l230A."

"Houston Center, Cessna 1230A level at 4,000

"Cessna 30A, Houston Center area altimeter 29.88."

40 miles north of Gulfport, tune in ATIS on number two
communication radio. The report reveals there has been no
change in the weather and ATIS is advertising ILS runway
14 as the active approach.

Houston Center completes a hand off to Gulfport approach.
control with instructions to contact approach:

"Gulfport Approach, Cessna 1230A level 4,000 feet
with information TANGO. Request GPS Runway 14

"Cessna 30A, Gulfport Approach, descend and
maintain 3,000 feet."

"Descend to 3,000, Cessna 30A."

Begin a descent to 3,000 and configure your navigation
radios for the approach. The GPS will automatically change
from the en route mode to the terminal mode. This change
will affect the sensitivity of the CDI. Tune in the VORTAC
frequency of 109.0 on the number one navigation radio, and
set in the final approach course of 133° on the OBS. This
setup will help with situational awareness should the GPS
lose signal.

"Cessna 30A your position is 7 miles from MINDO,
maintain 3,000 feet until MINDO, cleared for the GPS
runway 14 approach."

Read back the clearance and concentrate on flying the aircraft
At MINDO descend to 2,000 as depicted on the approach
chart. At BROWA turn to the final approach course of
133°. Just outside the Final Approach Way Point (FAWP)
AVYUM, the GPS will change to the approach mode and
the CD! will become even more sensitive. Gulfport approach
control issues instructions to contact Gulfport tower:

"Cessna 30A contact Tower on 1237."

"123,7, Cessna 30A."

"Tower, Cessna 1230A outside AVYUM on the GPS
runway 14."

"Cessna 30A Gulfport Tower, the ceiling is now 600
overcast and the visibility is 4 miles."

"Cleared to land runway 14, Cessna 30A."

Continue the approach, complete the appropriate checklists,
cross AVYUM, and begin the final descent. At 700 feet MSL
visual contact with the airport is possible. Slow the aircraft
and configure it to allow a normal descent to landing. As
touch down is completed, Gulfport Tower gives further

"Cessna 30A turn left at taxiway Bravo and contact
ground on 120.4."

"Roger, Cessna 30 A."

Taxi clear of the runway and complete the appropriate
checklists The Tower will automatically cancel the IFR
flight plan.