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Instrument Flying Handbook
Human factors
Hazardous Attitudes and Antidotes

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Instrument Flying


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Human Factors
Chapter 2. Aerodynamic Factors
Chapter 3. Flight Instruments
Chapter 4. Section I
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 4. Section II
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 5. Section I
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 5. Section II
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 6. Helicopter
Attitude Instrument Flying

Chapter 7. Navigation Systems
Chapter 8. The National
Airspace System

Chapter 9. The Air Traffic
Control System

Chapter 10. IFR Flight
Chapter 11. Emergency

Decision Making

Figure 1-138 illustrates how the ADM process expands
conventional decision-making, shows the interactions of the
ADM steps, and how these steps can produce a safe outcome.
Starting with the recognition of change, and following with an
assessment of alternatives, a decision to act or not act is made,
and the results are monitored. Pilots can use ADM to enhance
their conventional decision making process because it;

  1. Increases their awareness of the importance of attitude
    in decision making;
  2. Teaches the ability to search for and establish relevance
    of information; and
  3. Increases their motivation to choose and execute actions
    that ensure safety in the situational time frame.

Hazardous Attitudes and Antidotes
Hazardous attitudes, which contribute to poor pilot judgment,
can be effectively counteracted by redirecting that hazardous
attitude so that correct action can be taken. Recognition of
hazardous thoughts is the first step toward neutralizing them.
After recognizing a thought as hazardous, the pilot should
label it as hazardous, the state the corresponding antidote.
Antidotes should be memorized for each of the hazardous
attitudes so they automatically come to mind when needed.
Each hazardous attitude along with its appropriate antidote
is shown in Figure 1-14.