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Instrument Flying Handbook
Table of Contents

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Instrument Flying
Handbook

Preface

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Human Factors
Chapter 2. Aerodynamic Factors
Chapter 3. Flight Instruments
Chapter 4. Section I
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Flying
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 4. Section II
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Flying
Using an Electronic Flight
Display

Chapter 5. Section I
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 5. Section II
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using an Electronic Flight
Display

Chapter 6. Helicopter
Attitude Instrument Flying

Chapter 7. Navigation Systems
Chapter 8. The National
Airspace System

Chapter 9. The Air Traffic
Control System

Chapter 10. IFR Flight
Chapter 11. Emergency
Operations

Preface 0-3

Acknowledgements 0-5

Introduction 0-6
Is an Instrument Rating Necessary? 0-6
Instrument Rating Requirements 0-6
Training for the Instrument Rating 0-6
Maintaining the Instrument Rating 0-7


Table of Contents 0-8

Chapter 1
Human Factors 1-1
Introduction 1-1
Sensory Systems for Orientation 1-2
Eyes 1-2
Vision Under Dim and Bright Illumination 1-3
Ears 1-4
Nerves 1-5
Illusions Leading to Spatial Disorientation 1-5
Vestibular Illusions 1-5
The Leans 1-5
Coriolis Illusion 1-6
Graveyard Spiral 1-6
Somatogravic Illusion 1-6
Inversion Illusion 1—6
Elevator Illusion 1-6
Visual Illusions l7
False Horizon 1-7
Autokinesis 1-7
Postural Considerations 1-7
Demonstration of Spatial Disorientation 1-7
Climbing While Accelerating 1-8
Climbing While Turning 1-8
Diving While Turning 1-8
Tilling to Right or Left 1 -8
Reversal of Motion 1-8
Diving or Rolling Beyond the Vertical Plane 1-8
Coping with Spatial Disorientation 1-8
Optical Illusions 1-9
Runway Width illusion 1 -9

Runway and Terrain Slopes Illusion 1-9
Featureless Terrain Illusion 1-9
Water Refraction 1-9
Haze 1-9
Fog 19
Ground Lighting illusions 1-9
How To Prevent Landing Errors Due To Optical
illusions 1-9
Physiological and Psychological Factors 1-11
Stress 1-li
Medical Factors 1-12
Alcohol 1-12
Fatigue l-12
Acute Fatigue 1-12
Chronic Fatigue 1- 13
IMSAFE Checklist 1-13
Hazard identification 1-13
Situation I 1-13
Situation 2 l-l3
Risk Analysis 1-13
Crew Resource Management (CRM) and Single-Pilot
Resource Management (SRM) 1-14
Situational Awareness 1-14
Plight Deck Resource Management 1-14
Human Resources 1-14
Equipment 1-14
Information Workload 1-14
Task Management 1-15
Aeronautical Decision-Making (ADM) 1-15
The Decision-Making Process 1-16
Defining the Problem 1-16
Choosing a Course of Action 1-16
Implementing the Decision and Evaluating
the Outcome 1-16
Improper Decision-Making Outcomes 1-16
Models for Practicing ADM 1-17
Perceive, Process, Perform 1 -17
The DECIDE Model 1-17
Hazardous Attitudes and Antidotes 1-18

 

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