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Instrument Flying Handbook

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Instrument Flying


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Human Factors
Chapter 2. Aerodynamic Factors
Chapter 3. Flight Instruments
Chapter 4. Section I
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 4. Section II
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 5. Section I
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 5. Section II
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 6. Helicopter
Attitude Instrument Flying

Chapter 7. Navigation Systems
Chapter 8. The National
Airspace System

Chapter 9. The Air Traffic
Control System

Chapter 10. IFR Flight
Chapter 11. Emergency


The Instrument Flying Handbook was produced by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) with the assistance of Safety
Research Corporation of America, LLC. The FAA wishes to acknowledge the following contributors:

The laboratory of Dale Purves, M.D. and Mr. Al Seckel in providing imagery (found in Chapter 1) for visual illusions
from the book, The Great Book of Optical Illusions, Firefly Books, 2004

Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation and Robinson Helicopter Company for imagery provided in Chapter 9

Garmin Ltd. for providing flight system information and multiple display systems to include integrated flight, OPS and
communication systems; information and hardware used with WAAS, LAAS; and information concerning encountering
emergencies with high-technology systems

Universal Avionics System Corporation for providing background information of the Flight Management System and
an overview on Vision—1 and Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance systems (TCAS)

Meggitt/S-Tec for providing detailed autopilot information regarding installation and use

Cessna Aircraft Company in providing instrument panel layout support and information on the use of on board systems
Kearfott Guidance and Navigation Corporation in providing background information on the Ring-LASAR gyroscope
and its history

Honeywell International Inc., for Terrain Awareness Systems (TAWS) and various communication and radio systems
sold under the Bendix-King name

Chelton Flight Systems and Century Flight Systems, Inc., for providing autopilot information relating to Highway in
the Sky (Chelton) and HST displays (Century)

Avidyne Corporation for providing displays with alert systems developed and sold by Ryan International, L3
Communications, and Tectronics.

Additional appreciation is extended to the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA), the AOPA Air Safety Foundation,
and the National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) for their technical support and input~