| Home | Privacy | Contact |

Instrument Flying Handbook
Table of Contents

| First | Previous | Next | Last |

Instrument Flying
Handbook

Preface

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Human Factors
Chapter 2. Aerodynamic Factors
Chapter 3. Flight Instruments
Chapter 4. Section I
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Flying
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 4. Section II
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Flying
Using an Electronic Flight
Display

Chapter 5. Section I
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 5. Section II
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using an Electronic Flight
Display

Chapter 6. Helicopter
Attitude Instrument Flying

Chapter 7. Navigation Systems
Chapter 8. The National
Airspace System

Chapter 9. The Air Traffic
Control System

Chapter 10. IFR Flight
Chapter 11. Emergency
Operations

Timed Turns 5-53
Compass Turns .5-53
Steep Turns 5-53
Unusual Attitude Recovery Protection 5-55
Common Errors Leading to Unusual Attitudes 5-58
Instrument Takeoff 5-60
Common Errors in Instrument Takeoffs 5-61
Basic Instrument Flight Patterns 5-61

Chapter 6
Helicopter Attitude Instrument Flying 6-1
Introduction 6-I
Flight Instruments 6-2
Instrument Flight 6-2
Instrument Cross-Check 6-2
Instrument Interpretation 6—3
Aircraft Control 6-3
Straight-and-Level Flight 6-3
Pitch Control 6-3
Attitude Indicator 6-3
Altimeter 6-4
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) 6-5
Airspeed Indicator 6-5
Bank Control 6-5
Attitude Indicator 6-5
Beading Indicator 6-6
Turn Indicator 6-7
Common Errors During Straight-and-Level Flight.... 6-7
Power Control During Straight-and-Level Flight 6-7
Common Errors During Airspeed Changes 6-10
Straight Climbs (Constant Airspeed and
Constant Rate) 6-10
Entry 6-10
Level Off 6-12
Straight Descents (Constant Airspeed and
Constant Rate) 6- 12
Entry 6-12
Level Off 6-.13
Common Errors During Straight Climbs and
Descents 6-13
Turns 6-13
Turn to a Predetermined Heading 6- 13
Timed Turns 6-i 3
Change of Airspeed in Turns 6-14
Compass Turns 6-1.5
30° Bank Turn 6-15
Climbing and Descending Turns 6-15
Common Errors During Turns 6-15
Unusual Attitudes 6-16
Common Errors During Unusual Attitude

Recoveries 6-16
Emergencies 6- 16
Autorotations 6-17
Common Errors During Autorotations 6-17
Servo Failure 6-17
instrument Takeoff 6-17
Common Errors During Instrument Takeoffs 6-18
Changing Technology 6-18

Chapter 7
Navigation Systems 7-1
Introduction 71
Basic Radio Principles 7-2
How Radio Waves Propagate 7-2
Ground Wave 7-2
Sky Wave 7-2
Space Wave 7-2
Disturbances to Radio Wave Reception 7-3
Traditional Navigation Systems 7-3
Nondirectional Radio Beacon (N.DB) 7-3
NDB Components 7-3
ADF Components 7-3
Function of ADF 7-4
Operational Errors of ADF 7-8
Very High Frequency Omnidirectional
Range (VO.R) 7-8
VOR Components 7-10
Function of VOR 7-12
VOR Operational Errors 7-14
VOR Accuracy 7-16
VOR Receiver Accuracy Check 7-16
VOR Test Facility (VOT) 7-16
Certified Checkpoints 7- 16
Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) 7-16
DME Components 7-17
Function of OME 7-17
DME Arc 7-17
Intercepting Lead Radials 7-19
DME Errors 7-19
Area Navigation (RNAV) 7-19
VORJDME RNAV 7-23
VOR/DME RNAV Components 7-23
Function of VORJDME RNAV 7-23
VOR/DME RNAV Errors 7-24
Long Range Navigation (LORAN) 7-24
LORAN Components 7-25
Function of LORAN 7-26
LORAN Errors 7-26
Advanced Technologies 7-26
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) 7-26

 

0-12