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Airplane Flying Handbook
Approaches and Landings
Power-Off Accuracy Approaches

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Airplane Flying Handbook

Preface

Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures

Glossary

Index

Plan the base leg for wind conditions.
Figure 8-25. Plan the base leg for wind conditions.

At the 45° key position, the throttle should be closed
completely, the propeller control (if equipped)
advanced to the full increase r.p.m. position, and altitude
maintained until the airspeed decreases to the
manufacturer's recommended glide speed. In the
absence of a recommended speed, use 1.4 VSO. When
this airspeed is attained, the nose should be lowered to
maintain the gliding speed and the controls retrimmed.

The base-to-final turn should be planned and accomplished
so that upon rolling out of the turn the airplane
will be aligned with the runway centerline. When on
final approach, the wing flaps are lowered and the
pitch attitude adjusted, as necessary, to establish the
proper descent angle and airspeed (1.3 VSO), then the

controls retrimmed. Slight adjustments in pitch attitude
or flaps setting may be necessary to control the glide
angle and airspeed. However, NEVER TRY TO
STRETCH THE GLIDE OR RETRACT THE FLAPS
to reach the desired landing spot. The final approach
may be made with or without the use of slips.

After the final approach glide has been established, full
attention is then given to making a good, safe landing
rather than concentrating on the selected landing spot.
The base-leg position and the flap setting already
determined the probability of landing on the spot. In
any event, it is better to execute a good landing 200
feet from the spot than to make a poor landing precisely
on the spot.

90° power-off approach.
Figure 8-26. 90° power-off approach.

 

8-22