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Airplane Flying Handbook
Ground Reference Maneuvers
Eights On Pylons (Pylon Eights)

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Airplane Flying Handbook


Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures



Figure 6-10. Eights-on-pylons.

In explaining the performance of eights-on-pylons, the
term "wingtip" is frequently considered as being synonymous
with the proper reference line, or pivot
point on the airplane. This interpretation is not
always correct. High-wing, low-wing, sweptwing, and
tapered wing airplanes, as well as those with tandem or

side-by-side seating, will all present different angles from
the pilot's eye to the wingtip. [Figure 6-11] Therefore, in
the correct performance of eights-on-pylons, as in other
maneuvers requiring a lateral reference, the pilot should
use a sighting reference line that, from eye level, parallels
the lateral axis of the airplane.

Line of sight.
Figure 6-11. Line of sight.