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Airplane Flying Handbook
Takeoffs and Departure Climbs
Crosswind Takeoff

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Airplane Flying Handbook

Preface

Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures

Glossary

Index

CROSSWIND TAKEOFF

While it is usually preferable to take off directly into
the wind whenever possible or practical, there will
be many instances when circumstances or judgment
will indicate otherwise. Therefore, the pilot must be
familiar with the principles and techniques involved
in crosswind takeoffs, as well as those for normal
takeoffs. A crosswind will affect the airplane during
takeoff much as it does in taxiing. With this in mind,
it can be seen that the technique for crosswind
correction during takeoffs closely parallels the
crosswind correction techniques used in taxiing.

TAKEOFF ROLL
The technique used during the initial takeoff roll in a
crosswind is generally the same as used in a normal
takeoff, except that aileron control must be held INTO
the crosswind. This raises the aileron on the upwind
wing to impose a downward force on the wing to counteract
the lifting force of the crosswind and prevents
the wing from rising.

As the airplane is taxied into takeoff position, it is essential
that the windsock and other wind direction indicators
be checked so that the presence of a crosswind may be
recognized and anticipated. If a crosswind is indicated,
FULL aileron should be held into the wind as the takeoff
roll is started. This control position should be maintained
while the airplane is accelerating and until the ailerons
start becoming sufficiently effective for maneuvering the
airplane about its longitudinal axis.

With the aileron held into the wind, the takeoff path
must be held straight with the rudder. [Figure 5-3]
Normally, this will require applying downwind rudder
pressure, since on the ground the airplane will tend to
weathervane into the wind. When takeoff power is
applied, torque or P-factor that yaws the airplane to the
left may be sufficient to counteract the weathervaning
tendency caused by a crosswind from the right. On the
other hand, it may also aggravate the tendency to
swerve left when the wind is from the left. In any case,
whatever rudder pressure is required to keep the airplane
rolling straight down the runway should be
applied.

Crosswind takeoff roll and initial climb.
Figure 5-3. Crosswind takeoff roll and initial climb.

 

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