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Airplane Flying Handbook
Ground Operations
Visual Inspection

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Airplane Flying Handbook


Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures



Fuel selector and primer.
Figure 2-4. Fuel selector and primer.

Inside the cockpit, three key items to be checked are:
(1) battery and ignition switches—off, (2) control
column locks—removed, (3) landing gear control—
down and locked. [Figure 2-3]

The fuel selectors should be checked for proper
operation in all positions—including the OFF position.
Stiff selectors, or ones where the tank position is
hard to find, are unacceptable. The primer should also
be exercised. The pilot should feel resistance when
the primer is both pulled out and pushed in. The
primer should also lock securely. Faulty primers can
interfere with proper engine operation. [Figure 2-4]
The engine controls should also be manipulated by
slowly moving each through its full range to check
for binding or stiffness.

The airspeed indicator should be properly marked, and
the indicator needle should read zero. If it does not, the
instrument may not be calibrated correctly. Similarly,
the vertical speed indicator (VSI) should also read zero
when the airplane is on the ground. If it does not, a
small screwdriver can be used to zero the instrument.
The VSI is the only flight instrument that a pilot has
the prerogative to adjust. All others must be adjusted
by an FAA certificated repairman or mechanic.

The magnetic compass is a required instrument for
both VFR and IFR flight. It must be securely mounted,
with a correction card in place. The instrument face
must be clear and the instrument case full of fluid. A
cloudy instrument face, bubbles in the fluid, or a
partially filled case renders the instrument unusable.
[Figure 2-5]

Airspeed indicator, VSI, and magnetic compass.
Figure 2-5. Airspeed indicator, VSI, and magnetic compass.