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Airplane Flying Handbook
Ground Operations
Visual Inspection

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Airplane Flying Handbook


Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures



Preflight inspection.
Figure 2-2. Preflight inspection.

Preflight inspection.
The determination of whether the airplane is in a condition
for safe flight is made by a preflight inspection
of the airplane and its components. [Figure 2-2] The
preflight inspection should be performed in accordance
with a printed checklist provided by the airplane manufacturer
for the specific make and model airplane.
However, the following general areas are applicable to
all airplanes.

The preflight inspection of the airplane should begin
while approaching the airplane on the ramp. The pilot
should make note of the general appearance of the
airplane, looking for obvious discrepancies such as a
landing gear out of alignment, structural distortion,
skin damage, and dripping fuel or oil leaks. Upon
reaching the airplane, all tiedowns, control locks, and
chocks should be removed.

The inspection should start with the cabin door. If the
door is hard to open or close, or if the carpeting or
seats are wet from a recent rain, there is a good chance
that the door, fuselage, or both are misaligned. This
may be a sign of structural damage.

The windshield and side windows should be examined
for cracks and/or crazing. Crazing is the first stage of
delamination of the plastic. Crazing decreases
visibility, and a severely crazed window can result in
near zero visibility due to light refraction at certain
angles to the sun.

The pilot should check the seats, seat rails, and seat
belt attach points for wear, cracks, and serviceability.
The seat rail holes where the seat lock pins fit should
also be inspected. The holes should be round and not
oval. The pin and seat rail grips should also be checked
for wear and serviceability.

Inside the cockpit.
Figure 2-3. Inside the cockpit.