| Home | Privacy | Contact |

Airplane Flying Handbook
Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
TRAINING CONSIDERATIONS

| First | Previous | Next | Last |

Airplane Flying Handbook

Preface

Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures

Glossary

Index

Landing some turboprop airplanes (as well as some
piston twins) can result in a hard, premature
touchdown if the engines are idled too soon. This is
because large propellers spinning rapidly in low pitch
create considerable drag. In such airplanes, it may be
preferable to maintain power throughout the landing
flare and touchdown. Once firmly on the ground,
propeller beta range operation will dramatically reduce
the need for braking in comparison to piston airplanes
of similar weights.

TRAINING CONSIDERATIONS

The medium and high altitudes at which turboprop
airplanes are flown provide an entirely different
environment in terms of regulatory requirements,
airspace structure, physiological requirements, and
even meteorology. The pilot transitioning to turboprop
airplanes, particularly those who are not familiar with
operations in the high/medium altitude environment,
should approach turboprop transition training with this
in mind. Thorough ground training should cover all
aspects of high/medium altitude flight, including the
flight environment, weather, flight planning and
navigation, physiological aspects of high-altitude
flight, oxygen and pressurization system operation,
and high-altitude emergencies.

Flight training should prepare the pilot to demonstrate
a comprehensive knowledge of airplane performance,
systems, emergency procedures, and operating
limitations, along with a high degree of proficiency in
performing all flight maneuvers and in-flight
emergency procedures.

The training outline below covers the minimum
information needed by pilots to operate safely at high
altitudes.

a. Ground Training

(1) The High-Altitude Flight Environment
(a) Airspace
(b) Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations
(14 CFR) section 91.211, requirements for
use of supplemental oxygen

(2) Weather
(a) The atmosphere
(b) Winds and clear air turbulence
(c) Icing

(3) Flight Planning and Navigation
(a) Flight planning
(b) Weather charts
(c) Navigation
(d) Navaids

(4) Physiological Training
(a) Respiration
(b) Hypoxia
(c) Effects of prolonged oxygen use
(d) Decompression sickness
(e) Vision
(f) Altitude chamber (optional)

(5) High-Altitude Systems and Components
(a) Oxygen and oxygen equipment
(b) Pressurization systems
(c) High-altitude components

(6) Aerodynamics and Performance Factors
(a) Acceleration
(b) G-forces
(c) MACH Tuck and MACH Critical (turbojet
airplanes)

(7) Emergencies
(a) Decompression
(b) Donning of oxygen masks
(c) Failure of oxygen mask, or complete loss of
oxygen supply/system
(d) In-flight fire
(e) Flight into severe turbulence or thunderstorms

b. Flight Training

(1) Preflight Briefing

(2) Preflight Planning
(a) Weather briefing and considerations
(b) Course plotting
(c) Airplane Flight Manual
(d) Flight plan

(3) Preflight Inspection
(a) Functional test of oxygen system, including
the verification of supply and pressure, regulator
operation, oxygen flow, mask fit, and
cockpit and air traffic control (ATC)
communication using mask microphones

(4) Engine Start Procedures, Runup, Takeoff, and
Initial Climb

(5) Climb to High Altitude and Normal Cruise
Operations While Operating Above 25,000
Feet MSL

(6) Emergencies
(a) Simulated rapid decompression, including
the immediate donning of oxygen masks
(b) Emergency descent

(7) Planned Descents

(8) Shutdown Procedures

(9) Postflight Discussion

 

14-12