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Airplane Flying Handbook
Transition to Complex Airplanes

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Airplane Flying Handbook


Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures



Operation of an airplane equipped with a retractable
landing gear requires the deliberate, careful, and
continued use of an appropriate checklist. When on
the downwind leg, the pilot should make it a habit to
complete the landing gear checklist for that airplane.
This accomplishes two purposes. It ensures that
action has been taken to lower the gear, and it
increases the pilot's awareness so that the gear down
indicators can be rechecked prior to landing.

Unless good operating practices dictate otherwise, the
landing roll should be completed and the airplane
clear of the runway before any levers or switches are
operated. This will accomplish the following: The
landing gear strut safety switches will be actuated,
deactivating the landing gear retract system. After
rollout and clearing the runway, the pilot will be able
to focus attention on the after landing checklist and to
identify the proper controls.

Pilots transitioning to retractable gear airplanes should
be aware that the most common pilot operational
factors involved in retractable gear airplane accidents
• Neglected to extend landing gear.
• Inadvertently retracted landing gear.
• Activated gear, but failed to check gear position.
• Misused emergency gear system.
• Retracted gear prematurely on takeoff.
• Extended gear too late.
In order to minimize the chances of a landing gear
related mishap, the pilot should:
• Use an appropriate checklist. (A condensed
checklist mounted in view of the pilot as a
reminder for its use and easy reference can be
especially helpful.)
• Be familiar with, and periodically review, the
landing gear emergency extension procedures for
the particular airplane.

• Be familiar with the landing gear warning horn
and warning light systems for the particular
airplane. Use the horn system to cross-check the
warning light system when an unsafe condition
is noted.
• Review the procedure for replacing light bulbs
in the landing gear warning light displays for the
particular airplane, so that you can properly
replace a bulb to determine if the bulb(s) in the
display is good. Check to see if spare bulbs are
available in the airplane spare bulb supply as part
of the preflight inspection.
• Be familiar with and aware of the sounds and
feel of a properly operating landing gear system.


Transition to a complex airplane or a high
performance airplane should be accomplished through
a structured course of training administered by a
competent and qualified flight instructor. The training
should be accomplished in accordance with a ground
and flight training syllabus. [Figure 11-12]

This sample syllabus for transition training is to be
considered flexible. The arrangement of the subject
matter may be changed and the emphasis may be
shifted to fit the qualifications of the transitioning
pilot, the airplane involved, and the circumstances of
the training situation, provided the prescribed
proficiency standards are achieved. These standards
are contained in the practical test standards
appropriate for the certificate that the transitioning
pilot holds or is working towards.

The training times indicated in the syllabus are based
on the capabilities of a pilot who is currently active
and fully meets the present requirements for the
issuance of at least a private pilot certificate. The time
periods may be reduced for pilots with higher
qualifications or increased for pilots who do not meet
the current certification requirements or who have had
little recent flight experience.

Transition training syllabus.
Figure 11-12.Transition training syllabus.