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Airplane Flying Handbook
Introduction to Flight Training
Purpose of Flight Traning

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Airplane Flying Handbook


Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures



The flight instructor is the cornerstone of aviation
safety. The FAA has adopted an operational training
concept that places the full responsibility for student
training on the authorized flight instructor. In this role,
the instructor assumes the total responsibility for training
the student pilot in all the knowledge areas and
skills necessary to operate safely and competently as a
certificated pilot in the National Airspace System. This
training will include airmanship skills, pilot judgment
and decision making, and accepted good operating

An FAA certificated flight instructor has to meet
broad flying experience requirements, pass rigid
knowledge and practical tests, and demonstrate the
ability to apply recommended teaching techniques
before being certificated. In addition, the flight
instructor's certificate must be renewed every 24
months by showing continued success in training
pilots, or by satisfactorily completing a flight instructor's
refresher course or a practical test designed to
upgrade aeronautical knowledge, pilot proficiency,
and teaching techniques.

A pilot training program is dependent on the quality of
the ground and flight instruction the student pilot
receives. A good flight instructor will have a thorough
understanding of the learning process, knowledge of
the fundamentals of teaching, and the ability to communicate
effectively with the student pilot.

A good flight instructor will use a syllabus and insist
on correct techniques and procedures from the
beginning of training so that the student will develop
proper habit patterns. The syllabus should embody
the "building block" method of instruction, in which
the student progresses from the known to the
unknown. The course of instruction should be laid
out so that each new maneuver embodies the principles
involved in the performance of those previously
undertaken. Consequently, through each new subject
introduced, the student not only learns a new principle
or technique, but broadens his/her application of
those previously learned and has his/her deficiencies
in the previous maneuvers emphasized and made

The flying habits of the flight instructor, both during
flight instruction and as observed by students when
conducting other pilot operations, have a vital effect
on safety. Students consider their flight instructor to be
a paragon of flying proficiency whose flying habits
they, consciously or unconsciously, attempt to imitate.
For this reason, a good flight instructor will meticulously
observe the safety practices taught the students.
Additionally, a good flight instructor will carefully
observe all regulations and recognized safety practices
during all flight operations.

Generally, the student pilot who enrolls in a pilot training
program is prepared to commit considerable time,
effort, and expense in pursuit of a pilot certificate. The
student may tend to judge the effectiveness of the flight
instructor, and the overall success of the pilot training
program, solely in terms of being able to pass the
requisite FAA practical test. A good flight instructor,
however, will be able to communicate to the student
that evaluation through practical tests is a mere sampling
of pilot ability that is compressed into a short
period of time. The flight instructor's role, however, is
to train the "total" pilot.

The major sources of flight training in the United States
include FAA-approved pilot schools and training centers,
non-certificated (14 CFR part 61) flying schools,
and independent flight instructors. FAA "approved"
schools are those flight schools certificated by the FAA
as pilot schools under 14 CFR part 141. [Figure 1-2]
Application for certification is voluntary, and the school
must meet stringent requirements for personnel, equipment,
maintenance, and facilities. The school must
operate in accordance with an established curriculum,
which includes a training course outline (TCO)

FAA-approved pilot school certificate.
Figure 1-2. FAA-approved pilot school certificate.