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Airplane Flying Handbook
Introduction to Flight Training
Purpose of Flight Traning

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Airplane Flying Handbook


Table of Contents

Chapter 1,Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2,Ground Operations
Chapter 3,Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16,Emergency Procedures



Introduction to Flight Training

The overall purpose of primary and intermediate flight
training, as outlined in this handbook, is the acquisition
and honing of basic airmanship skills. Airmanship
can be defined as:
• A sound acquaintance with the principles of
• The ability to operate an airplane with competence
and precision both on the ground and in the
air, and
• The exercise of sound judgment that results in
optimal operational safety and efficiency.

Learning to fly an airplane has often been likened to
learning to drive an automobile. This analogy is
misleading. Since an airplane operates in a different
environment, three dimensional, it requires a type of
motor skill development that is more sensitive to this
situation such as:
• Coordination—The ability to use the hands and
feet together subconsciously and in the proper
relationship to produce desired results in the airplane.
• Timing—The application of muscular coordination
at the proper instant to make flight, and all
maneuvers incident thereto, a constant smooth
• Control touch—The ability to sense the action
of the airplane and its probable actions in the
immediate future, with regard to attitude and
speed variations, by the sensing and evaluation of
varying pressures and resistance of the control
surfaces transmitted through the cockpit flight
• Speed sense—The ability to sense instantly and
react to any reasonable variation of airspeed.

An airman becomes one with the airplane rather than
a machine operator. An accomplished airman
demonstrates the ability to assess a situation quickly
and accurately and deduce the correct procedure to
be followed under the circumstance; to analyze
accurately the probable results of a given set of circumstances
or of a proposed procedure; to exercise
care and due regard for safety; to gauge accurately
the performance of the airplane; and to recognize
personal limitations and limitations of the airplane
and avoid approaching the critical points of each.
The development of airmanship skills requires effort
and dedication on the part of both the student pilot
and the flight instructor, beginning with the very first
training flight where proper habit formation begins
with the student being introduced to good operating

Every airplane has its own particular flight characteristics.
The purpose of primary and intermediate flight
training, however, is not to learn how to fly a particular
make and model airplane. The underlying purpose of
flight training is to develop skills and safe habits that
are transferable to any airplane. Basic airmanship skills
serve as a firm foundation for this. The pilot who has
acquired necessary airmanship skills during training,
and demonstrates these skills by flying training-type
airplanes with precision and safe flying habits, will be
able to easily transition to more complex and higher
performance airplanes. It should also be remembered
that the goal of flight training is a safe and competent
pilot, and that passing required practical tests for pilot
certification is only incidental to this goal.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is empowered
by the U.S. Congress to promote aviation safety
by prescribing safety standards for civil aviation. This
is accomplished through the Code of Federal
Regulations (CFRs) formerly referred to as Federal
Aviation Regulations (FARs).

Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR)
part 61 pertains to the certification of pilots, flight
instructors, and ground instructors. 14 CFR part 61 prescribes
the eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, flight
proficiency, and training and testing requirements for
each type of pilot certificate issued.

14 CFR part 67 prescribes the medical standards and
certification procedures for issuing medical certificates
for airmen and for remaining eligible for a medical

14 CFR part 91 contains general operating and flight
rules. The section is broad in scope and provides
general guidance in the areas of general flight rules,
visual flight rules (VFR), instrument flight rules
(IFR), aircraft maintenance, and preventive maintenance
and alterations.