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Airplane Flying Handbook
Table of Contents
Chapter 12-15

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Airplane Flying Handbook

Preface

Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Introduction to Flight Training
Chapter 2, Ground Operations
Chapter 3, Basic Flight Maneuvers
Chapter 4, Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Chapter 5, Takeoff and Departure Climbs
Chapter 6, Ground Reference Maneuvers
Chapter 7, Airport Traffic Patterns
Chapter 8, Approaches and Landings
Chapter 9, Performance Maneuvers
Chapter 10, Night Operations
Chapter 11,Transition to Complex Airplanes
Chapter 12, Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Chapter 13,Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Chapter 14, Transition to Turbo-propeller Powered Airplanes
Chapter 15,Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
Chapter 16, Emergency Procedures

Glossary

Index

Chapter 12—Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
Multiengine Flight .......................................12-1
General.........................................................12-1
Terms and Definitions .................................12-1
Operation of Systems ..................................12-3
Propellers ................................................12-3
Propeller Synchronization ......................12-5
Fuel Crossfeed ........................................12-5
Combustion Heater.................................12-6
Flight Director / Autopilot......................12-6
Yaw Damper ...........................................12-6
Alternator / Generator ............................12-7
Nose Baggage Compartment..................12-7
Anti-Icing / Deicing................................12-7
Performance and Limitations ......................12-8
Weight and Balance...................................12-10
Ground Operation......................................12-12
Normal and Crosswind
Takeoff and Climb....................................12-12
Level Off and Cruise .................................12-14
Normal Approach and Landing .................12-14
Crosswind Approach and Landing ............12-16
Short-Field Takeoff and Climb..................12-16
Short-Field Approach
and Landing ..............................................12-17
Go-Around.................................................12-17
Rejected Takeoff........................................12-18
Engine Failure After Lift-Off ....................12-18
Engine Failure During Flight ....................12-21
Engine Inoperative Approach
and Landing ..............................................12-22
Engine Inoperative Flight Principles.........12-23
Slow Flight ................................................12-25
Stalls ..........................................................12-25
Power-Off Stalls
(Approach and Landing) .....................12-26
Power-On Stalls
(Takeoff and Departure) ......................12-26
Spin Awareness.....................................12-26
Engine Inoperative—Loss of
Directional Control Demonstration ..........12-27
Multiengine Training Considerations........12-31

Chapter 13—Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
Tailwheel Airplanes .....................................13-1
Landing Gear ...............................................13-1
Taxiing .........................................................13-1
Normal Takeoff Roll....................................13-2
Takeoff.........................................................13-3
Crosswind Takeoff.......................................13-3
Short-Field Takeoff......................................13-3
Soft-Field Takeoff........................................13-4
Touchdown ..................................................13-4
After-Landing Roll ......................................13-4
Crosswind Landing......................................13-5
Crosswind After-Landing Roll ....................13-5
Wheel Landing ............................................13-6
Short-Field Landing.....................................13-6
Soft-Field Landing.......................................13-6
Ground Loop ...............................................13-6

Chapter 14—Transition to Turbo-propeller
Powered Airplanes
General.........................................................14-1
The Gas Turbine Engine..............................14-1
Turboprop Engines ......................................14-2
Turboprop Engine Types .............................14-3
Fixed Shaft..............................................14-3
Split-Shaft / Free Turbine Engine ..........14-5
Reverse Thrust and
Beta Range Operations...............................14-7
Turboprop Airplane
Electrical Systems ......................................14-8
Operational Considerations .......................14-10
Training Considerations ............................14-12

Chapter 15—Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
General.........................................................15-1
Jet Engine Basics.........................................15-1
Operating the Jet Engine .............................15-2
Jet Engine Ignition..................................15-3
Continuous Ignition ................................15-3
Fuel Heaters............................................15-3
Setting Power..........................................15-4
Thrust to Thrust Lever Relationship ......15-4
Variation of Thrust with RPM................15-4
Slow Acceleration of the Jet Engine ......15-4
Jet Engine Efficiency...................................15-5
Absence of Propeller Effect ........................15-5
Absence of Propeller Slipstream .................15-5
Absence of Propeller Drag ..........................15-6
Speed Margins .............................................15-6
Recovery from Overspeed Conditions ........15-8
Mach Buffet Boundaries..............................15-8
Low Speed Flight ......................................15-10
Stalls ..........................................................15-10
Drag Devices .............................................15-13
Thrust Reversers........................................15-14
Pilot Sensations in Jet Flying ....................15-15
Jet Airplane Takeoff and Climb.................15-16
V-Speeds ...............................................15-16
Pre-Takeoff Procedures ........................15-16
Takeoff Roll..........................................15-17
Rotation and Lift-Off............................15-18
Initial Climb..........................................15-18
Jet Airplane Approach and Landing..........15-19
Landing Requirements..........................15-19
Landing Speeds ....................................15-19
Significant Differences .........................15-20
The Stabilized Approach ......................15-21
Approach Speed....................................15-21
Glidepath Control .................................15-22
The Flare...............................................15-22
Touchdown and Rollout .......................15-24

 

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